Stereochemistry in Marvin JS

    Stereo Bonds

    Stereo bonds can represent the 3D representation of a molecule in 2D on the canvas.

    Type Bond type Representation
    Wedge Up images/download/thumbnails/20417257/Wedge_Up_Bond.png
    Down images/download/thumbnails/20417257/Wedge_Down_Bond.png
    Stereo query Single Up or Down images/download/thumbnails/20417257/Single_Up_or_Down_Bond.png
    Double Cis or Trans images/download/thumbnails/20417257/Double_Cis_or_Trans_Bond.png
    Double C/T or Unspecified images/download/thumbnails/20417257/Double_C_T_or_Unspecified.png

    Creating stereo bonds in Marvin JS: You can find these kinds of bonds at the Bond Tools on the Tools toolbar. Just click on the desired bond, and it will appear on the tip of the cursor. Now, you can put it anywhere on the canvas as many times as you want.

    Using stereo bonds in Marvin JS: You can edit these bonds, like the others.

    Checking the Stereoisomerism

    Both optical isomerism and geometric isomers can be determined in Marvin JS.

    Create them in Marvin JS: To assign the R or S label to a chiral center and the E or Z label to a double bond, the Calculate stereo button of the General toolbar should be used.

    {info} The R/S and E/Z labels are determined via WebService, the Marvin JS WebService uses the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority rules (CIP convention).

    Optical Isomerism

    If a carbon atom has four different substituents (or three different substituents and implicit hydrogen) and at least one of them connects to the chiral carbon with a wedge bond, the R or S label can be calculated. The absolute configuration of a chiral center can be marked by R or S stereo labels.


    Geometric Isomerism

    When both double-bonded carbon atoms have two different substituents, the stereo labels are calculated by determining the priority of the four substituents using the CIP convention. If the higher ranked substituents are on the same side of the double, the molecule is the Z isomer, while the E isomer has the higher ranked groups on opposite sides of the double bond.


    Absolute Stereo Information

    The Absolute chiral flag on a molecule indicates that every chiral center marked with wedge bonds has a known absolute configuration, in other words, the structure represents a single, well-defined stereoisomer.

    Adding absolute stereo information in Marvin JS: The chiral flag can be added to a molecule through the Empty space or the Selection pop-up menu. If there is a reaction on the canvas, the chiral flag can be assigned to every component independently through the Selection pop-up menu.

    Displaying absolute stereo information in Marvin JS: The visibility of the chiral flag can be turned on/off in the View Settings dialog window.

    {info} Depending on the file format, a molecule which has wedge bonds without a chiral flag means one of the following:

    •  **In MDL file types (MOL, SDF, and so on):**  Wedge bonds describe the relative configuration of chiral centers; the structure is a racemic mixture of two enantiomers.
    •  **In Daylight file types (SMILES, SMARTS):**  Wedge bonds describe the absolute configuration of chiral centers; the structure represents a single enantiomer.

    Enhanced Stereo Specifications

    Marvin JS supports the MDL enhanced stereo representation. Enhanced stereo specifications refer to several stereoisomers of a molecule by drawing only one structure. Adding these notations to chiral centers makes it possible to represent stereochemical information: whether we know the absolute configuration of a stereogenic center or we have information only about the relative configuration of two or more chiral atoms.

    Each group label consists of an identifier, and – in some cases – of a number. Each stereocenter belongs to only one stereogenic group.

    The following table contains the available identifiers.

    Identifier Description
    Off We have no information about the configuration of the chiral atom.
    Abs We know the absolute configuration of the chiral center.
    Or We only know the configuration of the atom relative to another chiral center, but we do not have information about the absolute configuration. For a molecule with two chiral centers, it either refers to the structure as drawn ( for example , 1R , 2 R configuration) or to its enantiomer, which has opposite configuration on its chiral atoms ( 1S , 2 S ).
    And We use the „And" notation if we want to represent a mixture of stereoisomers which can contain specified enantiomers/diastereomers or even every optical isomer.

    Setting and modifying these properties in Marvin JS: You can add these properties to the chiral atoms through Atom Properties Dialog.

    {info} You can find a more detailed description of enhanced stereo representation and handle along with a set of examples in the JChem Query Guide.